Brief History: A student at the
Object: The object of the game is to carry the ball over the opponents’ goal line and touch the ball down to the ground to score a try.
Scoring: There are four ways to score points in a rugby game.
Number of Players: Traditional rugby consists of 15 players on each side. Other versions of the game include 10 players on each side and seven players on each side, called Sevens. Rugby Sevens was recently added back into the Olympic Games for 2016 in
Duration: Traditional rugby with 15 players on each side consists of 40 minute halves and a 10 minute half time.
Equipment: To play rugby, all you need is a rugby ball! Most players also wear a pair of boots (cleats) and a mouth guard.
Running: In order to move the ball forward in rugby, players must run with the ball.
Passing: The rugby ball can only be passed laterally or backwards. There are no forward passes in rugby. If a forward pass is made it is an infringement of the rules and results in a scrum awarded to the other team.
Kicking: The rugby ball can be kicked at any time during a game.
Ruck: Once a player is tackled to the ground, a ruck is formed when one or more players from each team close around the ball. The ball then emerges and play continues.
Maul: When the ball carrier is held up by a member of the opposition and by a member on his/her own team, it is called a maul. The ball can either be removed from the maul or taken to the ground, which then forms a ruck.
Scrum: A scrum is used to restart play after a minor infringement occurs (i.e. forward pass). The scrum consists of eight of the 15 players, called forwards. These eight players bind together and come head to head with the eight players of the opposition. The ball is thrown into the middle of the scrum on the ground and the players work with their feet to hook the ball behind them, making it available to play. The ball is then collected by the scrumhalf and passed out to the back line.
Lineout: When the ball goes out of bounds, play is restarted with a lineout. Two lines are formed with opposing teams. The ball is thrown in the air in the tunnel between the lines. Teams will lift players to contest for the ball.
Check out these guides and resources below to learn more about the game of rugby!